ENT743 - Environmental Building Studies
|School||Cardiff School of Engineering|
|External Subject Code||H220|
|Number of Credits||10|
|Language of Delivery||English|
- To understand the concept of sustainability in the context of building design
- To understand impacts of the built environment on the natural environment
- To understand how building designs can minimise/reduce use of global resources strategies for energy efficiency in buildings
- argue for choice of building materials based on environmental impact
The module is divided into ten inter-related subjects. These subjects begin at the general level with topics on global and construction sustainability, before going into applicatory subjects (technologies), and ending with synthesis (case studies). The module is designed with the locus of learning primarily in student preparation and participation in weekly seminars, whereas the weekly hour-long lectures serve only as a stimulus to invigorate debate in the seminars. The balance of activities between teaching and learning in, and the layout and style of, this module therefore is more akin to that found in humanities/arts courses, and engineering students would need to adjust to this. A large volume of selected material is provided through the module web-site for guided learning.
Students are expected to attend the 36 hours of scheduled contact time.
- evaluate and demonstrate principles of environmental impact assessment and life-cycle cost of buildings
- propose energy efficient alternatives in a building refurbishment project
- estimate effects of design parameters on energy efficiency in the three areas of lighting, heating and cooling
- critically appraise scholarly value in presentations according to a given criteria
The module is summatively assessed through a 2hr written examination, and a presentation. The examination presents five questions, of which the students must answer three to obtain full marks. One of the five questions examines appreciation of the historical development of sustainability and its place in the modern socio-political and economic context. The four remaining questions present open conceptual building design problems where students apply concepts and principles from the module to propose, and argue for, their solutions which can be regarded as environmentally friendly and sustainable. The presentation assesses the students’ ability to critically discern and/or apply principles and technologies learnt in the module to existing building examples, and to present their findings.
Formative assessment an integral part of the learning in this module and is continuously provided in the weekly 2hr seminar sessions.
The minimum pass mark of 50% must be achieved to pass the module and obtain 10 credits.
|Examination - Autumn Semester
Environmental Building Studies
Introduction to sustainable building design
Environmental impact of building materials
Life cycle costing; embodied energy in building materials; renewable materials; recycled materials; environmental construction impact; demolition and refurbishment.
Energy efficiency in buildings (including case studies)
Lighting: Factors affecting daylight in buildings; room shapes; window shape, size and position; daylight factors; daylight distribution and uniformity; combination of artificial and daylighting.
Heating: Heating cycle; passive solar technology; solar gains; heat storage strategies; overheating.
Cooling: Natural ventilation, air circulation routes; evaporative cooling; chilled beams; aquifer systems.
H. Barton, G. Davis & R. Guise, Sustainable settlements: a guide for planners, designers and developers, Univ. East England 1995. TH6021.S8
J. Bell & W. Burt, Designing buildings for daylight, BRE (BR288). TH7703.B3
R. Blackmore & A. Reddish, Global environmental issues (2nd Ed), Open University 1996. QH541.G5
R. Burnham, Housing ourselves: creating affordable, sustainable shelter, McGraw Hill 1998. TH4815.B8
M. Evans, Housing, climate and comfort, Architectural Press 1980. 693.832E
J.R. Goulding, J.O. Lewis & T.C. Steemers, Energy conscious design: a primer for architects, Batsford 1992. TH7413.E6
J.R. Goulding, J.O. Lewis & T.C. Steemers, Energy in architecture: the European passive solar handbook, Batsford 1992. TH7413.E6
J.H. Hacker & J.A. Gorges, Residential steel design and construction, McGraw Hill 1998. TH1611.H2
D. Hawkes, The environmental tradition: studies in the architecture of environment, Spon 1995. TH6021.H2
S.J. Kirk & A.J. Dell’lsola, Life-cycle costing for design professionals, McGraw Hill 1995. TH435.K4
P.J. Littlefair, Designing with innovative daylighting. TH7791.L4
J.F. Kreider & A. Rabl, Heating and cooling for buildings: design for efficiency, McGraw Hill 1993. TH7011.K7
J.F.G Littler & R. Thomas, Design with energy: the conservation and use of energy in buildings, Cambridge Univ. Press 1984. TH6021.L4
T.A. Markus & E.N. Morris, Buildings, climate and energy for architects, Pitman 1980. 693.832M
F. Moore, Environmental control systems: heating, cooling and lighting, McGraw Hill 1992. TH6021.M6
O. Lewis, European directory of sustainable and energy efficient building, James & James 1998. TJ163.5.B84.E8
D. Pearson, The natural house book. Conran Octopus 1989. 728P
J. Steele, Sustainable architecture, McGraw Hill 1994. TH6021.T8
A. Tuluca, Energy efficient design and construction for commercial buildings, McGraw Hill 1996. TJ163.5.B84.T8
C.G. Woods, A natural system of house design, McGraw Hill 1996. 7115.W6
K. Yeang, Designing with nature: ecological basis for architectural design, McGraw Hill 1994. TH6021.Y3