|School||Cardiff School of Planning and Geography|
|External Subject Code||K490|
|Number of Credits||20|
|Language of Delivery||English|
|Module Leader||Dr Andrew Flynn|
The module is organised in two parts. Part A provides a generic introduction to and an overview of social science research methods for planning. In addition, Part A of the module will provide the opportunity for students across all courses to attend ”Master-classes” from experts across the School of Planning and Geography in specific methods, techniques and perspectives.
Part B provides skills and contexts in subject-specific epistemological paradigms, methodologies and methods. For Part B of the Module, students will gain skills that are particularly relevant to understanding and evaluating eco-city development.
Together, Parts A and B of the module give students a robust post-graduate-level understanding of the tasks involved in undertaking pure and applied social science research into the analysis of eco and low carbon cities.
Part B – in relation to eco-city studies:
Part A: will be delivered by lectures supported by ‘masterclass’ workshops on particular designs and methods.Additionally, Students will be required to attend four from a choice of research methods masterclasses delivered by experts from the field. For illustrative purposes in the past these have included the following:
Part B: will be delivered by a mixture of lectures, seminar discussions (including use of previously circulated reading material), and lab based work on methods to interpret inputs and outputs to eco-city living (e.g. SDNA and GIS).
Whilst studying this module, students will practise and develop a number of skills. Students will learn to identify the relative merits of contrasting epistemological and methodological perspectives on the research process. They will learn when and how to use different research methods. They will develop skills in ideas generation and in the identification of a researchable topic. Students will also develop skills in writing research proposals and undertaking literature reviews. Whilst not actually carrying out independent research in this module, students will be given the necessary skills to design and implement a piece of research on their own.
For Part B students will gain skills that are relevant to the analysis of eco-city developments including (i) appraisal systems for eco-city master plans, (ii) software to analyse inputs and outputs to large scale developments, and (iii) analysis of data sets operating at a variety of spatial scales.
Part A of the module will begin by introducing students to the epistemological bases of social science research for “planning” (in its widest sense) and, after C Wright Mills, introduce the “planning imagination”. This part of the module will then go on to outline the dominant research traditions in the social sciences and explain how these are intimately linked to choices made at each stage of the research process. The connections between epistemology, methodology and method are established here. The logic of enquiry for undertaking effective research is then explained along with an introduction to using quantitative methods, qualitative methods, mixed methods, case studies, secondary, documentary and archive research, visual research methods and field observation/ethnography. This part of the module concludes with discussions on data analysis and presentation.
Part B of the module will provide a tailored suite of sessions designed to develop the methodological expertise of those pursuing research on low carbon and eco-cities. Sessions will include: Mixed methods for eco-city analysis, helping to choose the right approach for a dissertation; Constructing and deconstructing appraisal systems; and an introduction to qualitative and quantitative analysis for eco-cities including application of GIS and AutoCAD.
Bryman, A. (2012) Social Research Methods (4e) Oxford OUP.
Franklin, A. and Blyton, P. (eds.) Researching Sustainability: a guide to social science methods, practice and engagement. London. Earthscan.
Hennick, M (2011) Qualitative Research Methods. London. Sage.
May, T. (2011) Social Research: Issues, methods and process (4e). Maidenhead. OUP.
Silverman, D. (2010) Doing qualitative research: a practical handbook (3e). London. Sage.
Singh, K. (2007) Quantitative Social Research Methods, Thousand Oaks, Sage.