|School||Cardiff School of Planning and Geography|
|External Subject Code||K400|
|Number of Credits||20|
|Language of Delivery||English|
|Module Leader||Professor Alison Brown|
This module explores contemporary challenges and opportunities in creating space and place in modern cities, in contexts of rapid city growth, urban obsolescence or environmental decline, and where emerging technologies create the potential to support innovative planning and design approaches. With a focus on district and neighbourhood-level planning, and case studies of urban regeneration, the module takes a comparative international approach to planning practice. Part 1 considers the building blocks for creating vibrant space and attractive places, discussing the legislative, land, and institutional context of planning practice. Part 2 considers the challenges of upgrading for low-income or slum communities, and the role of participatory planning, in contexts where resource constraints are an issue. Part 3 explores problems of design-led regeneration through a field trip to a UK city as the basis for the coursework submission.
Parts 1 and 2 will be taught through a mixture of lectures and seminars. Part 3 will consist of a 3-day field trip to a UK city and guided coursework submission.
Skills developed through the module include the development of analytical, written and presentation skills for an existing urban area, and the preparation and submission of professional reports.
Group Report - 100%
Challenges:Planning practice in a changing world: Planning practice as mediator of urban change; managing growth – urbanisation and migration; relations between the state, society and the professions; actors in planning & regeneration – the state, private sector and civil society, emerging technologies
Regulatory frameworks for planning:Planning and government structures, legislation in the urban context, legal empowerment, legislation in Dar es Salaam. Municipal finance; national/municipal fiscal relations; sources of municipal finance; privatisation of municipal services.
Land and property:Land market theory and practice, land development processes, urban land markets, land speculation, land regulation-registration, tenure, taxation; land readjustment, land use regulation; Lesotho case study
Drivers of regeneration, planning and design, tools & standards: Concepts and approaches to urban regeneration; financing development, public private partnerships; design-led development; planning standards, housing standards & built form; rights of way; e-Planning.
Rights and Participation:'Right to the City' agenda, human rights; Henri Lefebvre, the R2C in practice – international and city charters; the R2C in Latin America; approaches to participation
Urban regeneration in developed country contexts: Challenges and procedures. Managing development in historic towns. Introduction to field study visit.
Urban upgrading & design in low income areas:Growth of slums; tenure regularisation; slum upgrading; participatory planning. Challenges of new urban shelter provision; programme management; site design; integration with existing areas; financing. Case Study: CLIFF (community-led planning)
Planning for public space:Theoretical concepts, Public space design & management – examples from UK; Social & cultural influences on public space use; Public space and urban livelihoods, social action & SEWA
Case studies I & II: Urban planning in China; urban planning in Malaysia, urban upgrading in the UK
Fernandes, E. and Varley, A. (eds) (1998) Illegal Cities: Law and urban change in developing countries, London: Zed 347.34I
Jenkins, P., Smith, H, and Wang, Y-P. (2007) Planning and Housing in the Rapidly Urbanising World, Abingdon: Routledge 307.76 J
Kitchen, T. (2006) Skills for Planning Practice, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan 307.1216 K
Payne, G. and Majale, M. (2004), The Urban Housing Manual: Making regulatory frameworks work for the poor, London, Earthscan 363.58091 P
UN-HABITAT (2009) PlanningSustainable Cities, Global Report on Human Settlements, London, Earthscan, downloadable from http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=2831, also in library at 307.1216 PLA