CPT867 - Designing Cities

SchoolCardiff School of Planning and Geography
Department CodeCPLAN0
Module CodeCPT867
External Subject CodeK400
Number of Credits20
LevelL7
Language of DeliveryEnglish
Module Leader Dr Francesca Sartorio
SemesterDouble Semester
Academic Year2014/5

Outline Description of Module

This module aims at introducing students to issues of urban design in global(ised) cities and at developing an understanding of how cities are the physical outcome of specific territorialised cultures as much as the result of disciplined design practices.  Students will be introduced to culture and planning and to design via lectures and will proceed – over the course of two semesters – to produce a design for a neighbourhood addressing specifically the quality of the urban realm in a city in the world. The production of the design will entail competent and professional site analysis, the use of appropriate precedents, the exploration of alternative strategies and the crafting of an appropriate and ‘culturally fitting’ development scheme, or regeneration scheme of a spontaneous settlement. 

This is an MSc IPD optional module and – together with CPT 805 Site planning, Design and Development - constitutes the ‘Urban Design Route’ offered to IPD students. The two modules are seen as synergic elements within a continuous learning process. Students from other MSc courses in the school can attend it as an option. 

On completion of the module a student should be able to

1. Engage with literature on culture and planning and on the physical outcomes of globalisation, post-colonialism and neo-colonialism in cities;
2. Analyse and appraise in detail contextual physical, cultural (historical, social and economic) and natural characteristics of the site object of development;
3. Develop alternative strategies and assess them in order to define a ‘preferred strategy’ for development;
4. Develop arguments and narratives to explain and present initial (work-in-progress) ideas as well as (final) layouts;
5. Develop critical ability to engage with modern developments as a cultural result as well as urban design output.

How the module will be delivered

Designing cities combines more traditional learning and teaching delivery modes with a typical studio format. It uses a mix of lectures, student-led seminars and studio sessions. Students will be given the possibility to attend training sessions on computer programme packages and basic skills in free hand sketching and in building physical models. This training should support their work on both Site planning, design and development and Designing cities. Students will work in parallel on surveying and designing their chosen site and on developing a deeper understanding of the effect of cultures on the physical and natural landscape.

Skills that will be practised and developed

1. Advanced site appraisal, development evaluation, design, plan drawing and presentation techniques; 
2. Ability to understand, explain, interact and engage with various cultures and their physical environments; 
3. Sketching, 2D and 3D drawing preparation and presentation;
4. Awareness of various cultural, professional and public value attitudes in relation to the design of the built environment, and the need for respect in discussions involving differences of values; 
5. Explore the values /attitudes that underpin current theory and practice of design and development in different countries of the world. 

How the module will be assessed

There are three elements of assessment.  Detailed guidance on each assignment will be provided via Learning Central

Presentation 1  - 20%
Boards - Site Analysis - 30%
Boards - Preferred strategy/final layout - 50%

Students are permitted to be reassessed (usually once) in a module which they have failed, in line with course regulations. The reassessment will usually take place during the summer. 

Assessment Breakdown

Type % Qualifying Mark Title Duration(hrs) Period Week
Presentation 20 N/A
Presentation 1
N/A 1 N/A
Written Assessment 30 N/A
Boards - Site Analysis
N/A 1 N/A
Written Assessment 50 N/A
Boards - Preferred Strategy/final Layout
N/A 1 N/A

Syllabus content

On the design/professional and applied side - Urban Design Principles: Learning from theories for cities from the 20th century; Learning from images of cities and buildings and the meanings we give to them; Learning from life in public spaces; Drawing and thinking; The functional approach to urban design; Political economy of urban design and global urban development trends. Precedents, masterplanning and phasing. 

On the critical/theoretical side - Culture, planning and design in a globalised world: Space of culture and cultural space; Planning cultures; Quality of life/quality of space; Cultural values and design principles; The Global(ised) city and its pitfalls; Issue for public space; Post-colonialism and neo-colonialism in planning and designing cities.

Essential Reading and Resource List

Banerjee, T., (1985), Environmental Design in the Developing World: Some Thoughts on Design Education; Journal of Planning education and Research; pg. 28-38

Banerjee, T., (2009), U.S. Planning Expeditions to Postcolonial India: From Ideology to Innovation ...; American Planning Association. Journal of the American Planning Association; 75, 2; pg. 193-208

Banerjee, T., (2011), Response to “Commentary: Is Urban Design Still Urban Planning?”: Whither Urban Design? Inside or Outside Planning?; Journal of the Planning Education and Research. ; 2011

Banerjee, T. and A. Loukaitou-Sideris, (2011) Companion to Urban Design (Eds.) ; London: Routledge;  (307.1216 COM)

Banerjee, T., "Urban Outcomes of Globalization: Theory, Research, and Practice" ; Journal of Urban History, 34(6): 1044-1054; 2008

Bentley, I. et al (1985) Responsive Environments: A manual for designers, Oxford, Butterworth Architecture (711.4R main and short loan)

Biddulph, M. J. (2006) Introduction to Residential Layout, Oxford: Architectural Press (711.58 B)

Biddulph, M. J. (2001) Home Zones: A planning and design handbook, Bristol, Policy Press (711.58094B)CAB

E (2004) Creating Successful Neighbourhoods: Lessons and actions for housing market renewal, London, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110118095356/http:/www. cabe.org.uk/publications/creating-successful-neighbourhoods) (363.50942G)

CABE (2005) Better Neighbourhoods: Making high densities work, London, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110118095356/http:/www.cabe.org.uk/ publications/better-neighbourhoods) (363.50942G)

Cuthbert, S (2003) Designing Cities: Critical readings in urban design, Oxford, Blackwell (307.1216 D)

DfT, DCLG, CABE (2007) Manual for Streets, www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustainable/manforstreets/

DfT, DCLG, CIHT (2007) Manual for Streets 2: Wider Application of the Principles,( 711.74 MAN)

Knieling, J. und Othengrafen, F. (2009): Planning Cultures in Europe. Decoding Cultural Phenomena in Urban and Regional Planning, Farnham, Ashgate (307.1216 PLA)

Larice, M. and MacDonald, E. (2006) The Urban Design Reader, Urban Reader Series, London, Routledge (307.1216U)

Llewelyn-Davies (2000), The Urban Design Compendium, London, English Partnerships/Housing Corporation (711.4L)

Lynch, K. (1960) Image of the City, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press (Architecture 711.4 L)

Lynch, K. and Hack, G. (3rd Ed) (1984) Site Planning, London, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Press (711.6L).

Pizarro, R.E., Wei L., Banerjee, T. (2003), Agencies of Globalization and Third World Urban Form: A Review, Journal of Planning Literature, vol 18, n 2, pg 111-130

Punter, J.V. and Carmona, M.C. (1997) The Design Dimension of Planning: Theory, content and best practice for design policies, London, E and FN Spon (711.10942P short loan)

Sanyal, B. (Ed.), (2005), Comparative planning cultures. New York: Routledge (307.12 C)

Urban Design Group (2002) Urban Design Guidance, Urban Design Frameworks, Development Briefs, and Master Plans, Thomas Telford (711.4U)
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