|School||Cardiff School of Geography and Planning|
|External Subject Code||K400|
|Number of Credits||20|
|Language of Delivery||English|
|Module Leader||Dr Francesca Sartorio|
This module aims at introducing students to issues surrounding sustainable neighbourhood planning and design. Students will learn about the history of residential communities and planning and design ideas for neighbourhoods. They will learn about how different cultures have developed their own particular forms of residential neighbourhood and how this has changed over time. They will learn about the principles of urban design and how we judge approaches to the design of the urban environment, as they apply to residential areas. Students will research lessons from the form of residential neighbourhoods from across the world, as well as look at examples of European practice from the last 20 years. For a particular site you will apply what you have learnt to a produce a design for a neighbourhood. The production of the design will entail competent and professional site analysis, the use of appropriate precedents, the exploration of alternative strategies and the crafting of an appropriate and ‘culturally fitting’ development or regeneration scheme.
Designing cities combines more traditional learning and teaching delivery modes with a typical studio format. It uses a mix of lectures, student-led seminars and studio sessions. Students will be given the possibility to attend training sessions on computer programme packages and basic skills in free hand sketching and in building physical models. They will work in parallel on surveying and designing their chosen site and on developing a deeper understanding of the effect of cultures on the physical and natural landscape.
An ability to analyse and discuss the design of a neighbourhood with reference to matters of urban design theory, informed by aspects of culture, and other matters such as climate, affluence and stage of development;
Explore the values and attitudes that underpin current theory and practice of design and development as localised and socially constructed values;
Ability to understand, explain and engage with various cultures and their physical environments;
Advanced site appraisal, design, plan drawing and presentation techniques;
Designing quality spaces, fitting for people’s life;
Sketching, 2D and 3D drawing preparation and presentation, report writing;
Awareness of various cultural, professional and public values in relation to the design of the built environment, and the need for respect in discussions involving differences of values.
There are three elements of assessment. Detailed guidance on each assignment is provided vua Learning Central and explained in class.
Space of culture and cultural space.
Quality of life/quality of space
Planning cultures as they relate to neighbourhood planning
Cultural values and design principles
Uneven neighbourhoods in a globalised city
Gated communities and their impacts
Residential building types and urban blocks
Urban Design Principles.
Opportunities and constraints and developing a spatial strategy
Movement, patterns of access and designing residential streets
Security and finding your way around
Social life in urban outdoor spaces
Wellness in neighbourhood planning and design
Mixing and delivering neighbourhood uses
Environmentally benign developments – landscape and ecology, biodiversity, water management and energy efficiency
Learning from great precedents
How to prepare a master plan
Banerjee, T. and A. Loukaitou-Sideris, (2011) Companion to Urban Design (Eds.) ; London: Routledge; (307.1216 COM)
Barton, H et al (2010) Shaping Neighbourhoods for local health and global sustainability, London: Routledge
Bentley, I. et al (1985) Responsive Environments: A manual for designers, Oxford, Butterworth Architecture (711.4R main and short loan)
Biddulph, M. J. (2006) Introduction to Residential Layout, Oxford: Architectural Press (711.58 B)
Biddulph, M. J. (2001) Home Zones: A planning and design handbook, Bristol, Policy Press (711.58094B)
CABE (2004) Creating Successful Neighbourhoods: Lessons and actions for housing market renewal, London, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110118095356/http:/www. cabe.org.uk/publications/creating-successful-neighbourhoods) (363.50942G)
CABE (2005) Better Neighbourhoods: Making high densities work, London, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110118095356/http:/www.cabe.org.uk/ publications/better-neighbourhoods) (363.50942G)
DfT, DCLG, CABE (2007) Manual for Streets, www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustainable/manforstreets/
Hall, P (2013) Good Cities, Better Lives: How Europe Discovered the Lost Art of Urbanism, London: Routledge
Knieling, J. und Othengrafen, F. (2009): Planning Cultures in Europe. Decoding Cultural Phenomena in Urban and Regional Planning, Farnham, Ashgate (307.1216 PLA)
Llewelyn-Davies (2000), The Urban Design Compendium, London, English Partnerships/Housing Corporation (711.4L)
Lynch, K. and Hack, G. (3rd Ed) (1984) Site Planning, London, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Press (711.6L).
Neal, P (2003) Urban Villages and the making of Communities, London: Spon Press
Rudlin, D and Falk N (2009) The sustainable urban neighbourhood: Building the 21st century home, Routledge
Urban Design Group (2002) Urban Design Guidance, Urban Design Frameworks, Development Briefs, and Master Plans, Thomas Telford (711.4U)