CPT866 - Planning City Futures

SchoolCardiff School of Planning and Geography
Department CodeCPLAN0
Module CodeCPT866
External Subject CodeK400
Number of Credits20
Language of DeliveryEnglish
Module Leader Professor Alison Brown
SemesterAutumn Semester
Academic Year2015/6

Outline Description of Module

The problems facing cities in the 21st century are huge - rapid urbanization, pollution, climate change, poverty and exclusion etc. but increasing technical sophistication presents new understandings and opportunities for urban planning.  Planning City Futures embraces these challenges, providing a critical understanding of the nature and purpose of spatial planning in an international context. 

Part 1 introduces the theoretical debates surrounding issues of globalization, governance and environment in different political, cultural and socio-economic urban contexts, followed by studies of sectoral planning for land, housing, transport, and infrastructure, within a rights-based critique.  Part 2 includes conference-style teaching on either housing policy in emerging cities or strategic urban planning.

On completion of the module a student should be able to

  1. Understand debates on the nature and purpose of planning interventions and their role in shaping alternative city futures
  2. Evaluate the contributions of planning interventions to making place/mediating space
  3. Assess 21st challenges - eg: globalization, climate change, poverty reduction, and their implications on urban sustainability and development
  4. Develop an understanding of urban spatial systems and the processes of urban change
  5. Understand sectoral approaches to city development and management and the role of key actors in the development process
  6. Develop skills in assessing policy outcomes.

How the module will be delivered

The module will be taught through a mixture of lectures and seminars, and conference-style teaching.

Skills that will be practised and developed

Skills developed through the module include:

  1. Development of an awareness of current drivers of urban changes,
  2. Skills in understanding and critical analysis, and
  3. Analytical, essay writing and presentation skills.

How the module will be assessed

Group analysis and presentation (15%)
Individual essay -  Essay plus formative seminar (85%)

Students are permitted to be reassessed (usually once) in a module which they have failed, in line with course regulations. The reassessment will usually take place during the summer.

Assessment Breakdown

Type % Title Duration(hrs) Period Week
Written Assessment 15
Group Analysis And Presentation
N/A 1 N/A
Written Assessment 85
Individual Essay
N/A 1 N/A

Syllabus content

Introduction:  theory, nature and purpose of planning― The urban challenge; history of urban settlements; utopian planning; imagining city futures.

Managing cities in a globalising world ― World cities to neighbourhoods: institutions & actors; globalisation & its implications for city futures:role of international agencies; innovative approaches to planning; challenges of the 21st century.

Urban governance, networks and competitiveness ―Defining urban governance, urban regime theory, good governance. Case Study, Malaysia

Urban sustainability― Defining sustainable development; environmental problems in cities; the green and brown agenda, climate change.

Property and land markets ―Property development, land markets, housing and urban planning.  Case studies.

Housing Processes ―Conference-style teaching

Economies and livelihoods -Role of urban economies in development; local economic development; informal economy, urban livelihoods. 

Sustainable transport ― Planning for sustainable transport: transport and spatial form; mobility and access; travel demand; urban travel supply; intermediate transport, urban transport challenges; Curitiba.

Urban services ― Issues in planning and upgrading of infrastructure and services.

Alternative city futures ― Smart cities: urban management in the electronic age

Essential Reading and Resource List

Allen, T. and Thomas, A. (eds 2000) Poverty and Development into the 21st Century, Osford: Oxford University Press (330.91724 P)

Bulkeley, H. (2012) Cities and Climate change, Abingdon: Routledge (363.73874 BUL)

Davis, M. (2006) Planet of Slums, London, Verso(307.76 D)

Jenkins, P., Smith, H, and Wang, Y-P. (2007) Planning and Housing in the Rapidly Urbanising World, London: Routledge (307.76 J)

Pieterse, E. (2008) City Futures: Confronting the crisis of urban development, London: Zed Publishing (307.76 PIE)

Todaro, M. and Smith, S. (2011) Economic Development, London: Pearson, Addison Wesley (11th edition) (338.90091724 TOD)

UNCHS (UNHabitat) (2003) The Challenge of Slums: Global report on human settlements, London: Earthscan (307.3364C)  and electronically at: http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=1156

UN-HABITAT (2009) Planning Sustainable Cities, Global Report on Human Settlements, 2009, London, Earthscan, downloadable from http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=2831, also in library at (307.1216 PLA)

Key Journals


Environment and Urbanization

Habitat International

International Development Planning Review (formerly Third Wold Planning Review)

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research

International Planning Studies

Planning Theory and Practice

Urban Studies

Background Reading and Resource List

Bicknell, J., Dodman, D. and Satterthwaite, D. Adapting Cities to Climate Change: Understanding and addressing the development challenges, Earthscan: London, pp3-47 (363.70091 ADA)

Brown, A. (2006) Contested space: street trading, public space and livelihoods in developing cities, Rugby: ITDG Publishing (now Practical Action Publishing) (381.18091 C)

Cevero, R. (2000) Informal transport in the developing world, Nairobi: UNCHS, http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.aspx?nr=1534&alt=1

Chen, M. (2012) The informal economy: definitions, theories and policies, WIEGO Working Paper No: 1, http://wiego.org/sites/wiego.org/files/publications/files/Chen_WIEGO_WP1.pdf

Collier, P. (2008) The Bottom Billion: why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it, Oxford: Oxford University Press () and online https://www.dawsonera.com/abstract/9780198042549

Collier, P. (2013) Exodus: How migration is changing our world. Oxford: Oxford University Press (JV6033.C6)

Davis, M. (2006) Planet of Slums. London: Verso (307.76 D)

Fainstein, S. (2010) The Just City. Cornell: Cornell University Press (307.76 FAI)

Fainstein, S. and Campbell. S. (eds) (2002) Readings in Urban Theory (2nd Edition), Blackwell, Oxford: 32:54 (309.262 R)

Friedman, J. (2005) China’s urban transition, Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press (307.76095 F)

Graham, S. and Marvin, S. (2002) Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities & the Urban Condition, New York: Routledge, 2001 (307.76 G)

Hardoy, J., Mitlin, D. and Satterthwaite, D. (2001), Environmental Problems in an Urbanizing World: Finding solutions for cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Earthscan: London (363.70091 H)

Jenks, M. and Burgess, R. (2007) Compact Cities: Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries, New York and London: Routledge (307.1416 C)

Koonings, K. and  Kruijt, D. (2007) Fractured Cities: Social Exclusion, Urban Violence and Contested Spaces in Latin American Cities, London: Zed Books (HC130.P6.F7 short loan and main)

MacLaren, A. (ed) (2003) Making Space: Property Development and Urban Planning, London, New York: Arnold, online https://www.dawsonera.com/abstract/9781444144673and (307.12 M)

Mitlin, D. and Satterthwaite, D. (2013) Urban Poverty in the Global South: Scale and Nature, London and New York: Routledge

Moser, C. (1998)The asset vulnerability framework: Reassessing urban poverty reduction strategies, World Development, 26(1): 1-19

Moser, C. (2004) Urban violence and insecurity: a roadmap, Environment and Urbanization, 16(2): 3-16

Neirotti, De Marco, Cagliano, Mangano, Scorrano (2014) Current trends in Smart City initiatives: Some stylised facts, Cities 38(1): 25-36

Payne, G. (ed) (2002) Land Rights and Innovation: Improving Tenure Security for the Urban Poor, Rugby: ITDG Publishing (now Practical Action Publishing) (333.30917 L)

Perry, G., Maloney, W., Arias, O., Fajnzylber, P., Mason, A., Saavedra-Chanduvi, J. (2007) Informality: Exit and Exclusion, Washington: World Bank, https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6730

Pelling, Mark (2011), Adaptation to Climate Change: from resilience to transformation, London and New York: Routledge

Satterthwaite, D. and Mitlin, D. (2014) Reducing Urban Poverty in the Global South, London and New York:Routledge

Saunders, D. (2011) Arrival City: How the largest migration in history is reshaping our world. London: Windmill Books (HC79.P6.C6)

Sen, A. (1999) Development as Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University Press (330.122 S)

Simon, D. (1996) Transport and Development in the Third World, London and New York, Routledge: (388.09172 S)

WIEGO (2014) Informal economy monitoring study (IEMS), http://wiego.org/wiego/informal-economy-monitoring-study-iems

UNH (2013) The State of the World's cities 2012/13, Prosperity of Cities, UNH (UN-Habitat) London, Earthscan, http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3387

Rakodi, C. with Lloyd-Jones, T. (2002) Urban Livelihoods: A People-Centred Approach to Reducing Poverty, London, Earthscan (362.50917 U)

Ramirez, R. (1990) Urbanization, housing and the (withdrawing) state: the production-reproduction nexus, Working Paper 23, London: Development Planning Unit, http://www.whoseolympics.org/bartlett/dpu/publications/latest/publications/dpu-working-papers/WP23.pdf

Went, R. (2000) Globalization: Neoliberal challenge, radical responses, Pluto Press: London and Sterling (337 W)

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