CPT826 - Environmental Management

SchoolCardiff School of Geography and Planning
Department CodeGEOPL0
Module CodeCPT826
External Subject CodeK400
Number of Credits20
Language of DeliveryEnglish
Module Leader Dr Andrew Flynn
SemesterSpring Semester
Academic Year2016/7

Outline Description of Module

This module will provide a critical examination of the key issues and ideas that currently characterise environmental management, such as the interaction between voluntary and public forms of regulation. It will place these ideas within the context of drivers for change on industry, technological changes and responses by the business community through initiatives to promote more integrated environmental management. The module engages with debates on: the potential and limitations for organisations to become more environmentally conscious in their activities; the interactions between the environmental or broader sustainability performance of organisations and their economic performance; and the constraints facing commercial, public and community organisations, regulators and environmental policy makers in their efforts to improve environmental and social sustainability.

On completion of the module a student should be able to

Students will gain both theoretical and practical knowledge of:

  1. Key social science theories of environmental management and change

  2. drivers for environmental management

  3. the nature of environmental regulations and how they relate to organisational practices

  4. the variable way in which processes of environmental improvement can be linked to firms and regulatory styles

  5. An understanding of the responses of individuals and organisations to the demands of environmental legislation

  6. A business perspective of the economic and environmental benefits of environmental management

How the module will be delivered

The module will be delivered by a combination of:



Directed reading

Lectures and seminars are supplemented by Powerpoint presentations (slides are copied and made available) and handouts. Key readings that are used in teaching sessions will be available in Learning Central before the session in which they are to be discussed. During seminars you may be required to lead or contribute to a debate/discussion.

Skills that will be practised and developed

Academic/subject-specific skills

Students will be expected to demonstrate skills of critical analysis through an ability to:

Students will practice and develop the following:

  1. Data collection skills – including qualitative data and statistical analysis, data collection and synthesis using databases, web and other sources

  2. Use language accurately and communicate information efficiently and effectively

  3. Process large quantities of information rapidly

How the module will be assessed

Students are permitted to be reassessed (usually once) in a module which they have failed, in line with course regulations. The reassessment will usually take place during the summer

Assessment Breakdown

Type % Title Duration(hrs) Period Week
Written Assessment 70
N/A 1 N/A
Presentation 30
N/A 1 N/A

Syllabus content

  1. Changing styles of regulation and environmental policy
  2. Ecological modernisation
  3. Technology and innovation: perspectives from the food system
  4. System transition
  5. Corporate social responsibility
  6. Compliance with environmental regulation
  7. Introduction to environmental management
  8. EMS: issues and questions
  9. Environment and economy: prospects for decoupling
  10. Industrial ecology - the case of eco-parks, industrial estates
  11. Sector, size and sustainability

Essential Reading and Resource List

Aguinis, H (2012) What We Know and Don’t Know About Corporate Social Responsibility. A Review and Research Agenda, Journal of Management, Vol 38, No 4, 932-968

Darnall, Nicole and Kim Younsung (2012) Which Types of Environmental Management Systems Are Related to Greater Environmental Improvements? Public Administration Review. May/Jun2012, Vol. 72 Issue 3, p351-365. 15p.

Endrikat, Jan, Edeltraud Guenther, and Holger Hoppe. "Making sense of conflicting empirical findings: A meta-analytic review of the relationship between corporate environmental and financial performance." European Management Journal 32.5 (2014): 735-751.

Mol, Arthur P.J., Gert Spaargaren and David Sonnefield, (2013) Ecological Modernization Theory. Taking stock, moving forward in Routledge International Handbook of Social and Environmental Change,  Stewart Lockie, David A. Sonnenfeld, Dana R. Fisher (eds), Routledge.

Mol, G & Arthur P.J. Mol (2013) Carbon flows, carbon markets, and low-carbon lifestyles: reflecting on the role of markets in climate governance, Environmental Politics, Volume 22, Issue 1, 174-193

Orlitzky, M, Donald S. Siegel, and David A. Waldman (2011) Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Sustainability, Business and Society, Vol 50, No 1, pp6-27

Smith, A., Jan-Peter Voβ and John Grin eds. (2010) Research Policy, Special Section on Innovation and Sustainability Transitions, Volume 39, Issue 4, Pages 435-564 (May 2010)

Stevens, Paul A, William J. Batty, Phil J. Longhurst, and Gillian H. Drew (2012) A critical review of classification of organisations in relation to the voluntary implementation of environmental management systems, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 113, 30 December 2012, Pages 206–212

Vries, Gerdien, et al. "Sustainability or profitability? How communicated motives for environmental policy affect public perceptions of corporate greenwashing." Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management 22.3 (2015): 142-154.

Williamson D and Gary Lynch-Wood (2012) Ecological modernisation and the regulation of firms, Environmental Politics, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp941-59

Background Reading and Resource List

Ammenberg, J and Hjelm, O. (2002), The Connection Between Environmental Management Systems and Continual Environmental Performance Improvements, Corporate Environmental Strategy, Vol 9, No 2.

Berkhout, F., Angel, D. and Wieczorek, A. J., (2009). Asian development pathways and sustainable socio-technical regimes. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76, (2) 218-228.

Berkhout, F., Smith, A. and Stirling, A., (2003). Socio-Technological Regimes and Transition Contexts: Sustainable Technologies Programme Working Paper Series Number 2003/3. Available from: http://www.sustainabletechnologies.ac.uk/PDF/Working%20papers/FB1.pdf [Accessed 16 March 2009].

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

Cunningham, J and Clinch, J (2005) Innovation and Environmental Voluntary Approaches, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol 48, No 3, pp373-92.

Dahlstrom, K, Howes, C, Leinster, P, and Skea, J (2003) Environmental Management Systems and Company Performance: assessing the case for extending risk-based regulation, European Environment, Vol 13, No 10, pp131-8.

Environment for Sustainability, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

Geels, F W and Kemp R (2007): Dynamics in socio-technical systems: Typology of change processes and contrasting case studies, in: Technology in Society 29 (2007) 441–455

Geels, F. W. & Schot, J., (2007). Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways. Research Policy, 36, (3) 399-417.

Geels, F. W. (2004). From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory. Research Policy, 33, (6-7) 897-920.

Hajer, M A., The politics of environmental discourse Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1995.

Heinelt, H et al (2001) European Union Environment Policy and New Forms of Governance, Aldershot, Ashgate.

Hilary, R (2004), Environmental Management Systems and the Smaller Enterprise, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol, pp561-9.

Ilomaki, M and Melanen, M (2001) Waste minimization in small and medium-sized enterprises – do environmental management systems help? Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol 9, No 3, p209-17.

Jordan, A. and Lenschow, A. (eds.) (2008) Innovation in Environmental Policy? Integrating the

Kollman, K and Prakash, A (2002), EMS-based Environmental Regimes as Club Goods: Examining Variations in Firm-level Adoption of IS0 14001 and EMAS in UK, US and Germany, Policy Sciences, Vol 35, pp43-67.

Mol, A. P. J. (2001). Globalization and Environmental Reform: The Ecological Modernization of the Global Economy. Cambridge, MIT Press.

Mol, A. P. J. and Sonnenfeld, D. A. Eds. (2000). Ecological Modernisation around the World: Perspectives and Critical Debates. London and Portland, Oregon, Frank Cass.

Mol., A. P. J. (1995): The refinement of production: ecological modernization theory and the chemical industry, Utrecht: Van Arkel.

Neumayer, E and Perkins, R (2004), What explains the uneven take-up of ISO 14001 at the global level? A panel-data analysis, Environment and Planning A, Vol 36, pp823-39.

Potoski, M  and Prakash, A (2005), Covenants with weak swords: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management ISO 14001 and facilities’ environmental performance, , Vol 24, No 4, pp745-69.

Potoski, M  and Prakash, A (2005), Green Clubs and Voluntary Governance: ISO 14001 and firms’ regulatory compliance, American Journal of Political Science, Vol 49, No 2, pp235-48.

Rondinelli, D and Vastag, G (2000), Panacea, Common Sense or Just a Label? The Value of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems, European Management Journal, Vol 18, No 5, pp499-510.

Smith, A. (2006), ‘Green niches in sustainable development: the case of organic food in the United Kingdom.’, Environmental and Planning C : Government and Policy, Volume 24, pages 439 – 458.

Smith, A. and Stirling, A. (2008) Social-ecological resilience and sociotechnical transitions: critical issues for sustainability governance, STEPS Working Paper 8, Brighton: STEPS Centre

Smith, A. Stirling, A. & Berkhout, F. (2005) ‘The governance of sustainable socio-technical transitions.’ Research Policy, Volume 34, Pages 1471 – 1510.

Sroufe (2003), Effects of Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Management and Operations, Production and Operations Management, Vol 12, No 3, pp416-31.

Steger, U (2000) Environmental Management Systems: Empirical Evidence and Further Perspectives, European Management Journal, Vol 18, No 1, pp22-37.

Suarez, F.F. & Oliva, R. (2005), ‘Environmental change and organizational transformation.’ Industrial and Corporate Change, Volume 14, Issue 6, Pages 1017 – 1041.

Verbong, G. & Geels, F. W. (2007), ‘The ongoing energy transition: Lessons from a socio-technical, multi-level analysis of the Dutch electricity system (1960 – 2004).’, Energy Policy, Volume 35, Pages 1025 – 1037.

Voss J.-P., Bauknecht, D et al. (eds.) (2006) Reflexive Governance for Sustainable Development.

Watzold, F, Bultman, A, Eames M, Lulos K and Schucht S (2001) EMAS and Regulatory Relief in Europe: lessons from national experience, European Environment, Vol 11, pp37-48.

Young, S. C. (2000). The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation: Integrating the Environment and the Economy. London/New York.

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