|School||Cardiff School of Planning and Geography|
|External Subject Code||K400|
|Number of Credits||20|
|Language of Delivery||English|
|Module Leader||Dr Georgina Santos|
The module focuses on poverty and development, and pays particular attention to their determinants and potential policies to alleviate poverty and enhance development. Some of the questions that will be discussed include: What is economic development? What is human development? How do poor public health and education affect development and what can be done about these issues? Why are there fewer women than men in some countries and how can improving their status help development? What are the impacts of corruption on development? What is the role of democracy and in general of a country’s institutions on development? Is there a role for microfinance? How can foreign aid help? What types of policies may yield positive outcomes on the development of a third-world country?
Students will gain knowledge and understanding of (1) the differences between the concepts of poverty, economic development and human development and the measures and indicators that have been proposed; (2) measures of inequality, together with their pros and cons; (3) common problems shared by most developing countries;(4) convergence vs divergence trends in standards of living; (5) health and gender bias problems as well as the education challenges faced by developing countries; (6) the obstacles that poor groups in developing countries face when trying to get credit or insurance; (7) the impacts of rural-urban migration and the roles of the market, state and civil society on the development process.
Students will also improve a number of skills they hopefully already have, and: (a)be able to orally present group work on a specific topic; (b) be able to debate issues related to development and poverty on the basis of knowledge acquired through readings and at lectures; (c) present in a clear manner conclusions from small group discussions on case studies of different aspects of poverty and development; (d) be able to write an essay in response to a question in an exam environment.
The module will entail a combination of lectures and small group discussions, based on specific readings, with the occasional video. Students will be expected to do some reading in preparation for the lectures and the debates. Most topics will be illustrated with at least one case-study. Students will also be required to prepare a group presentation on which they will be assessed.
During the course of the module there will be plenty of opportunities to practise and master a number of skills. Students will be expected to:
Assignment 1 (20%) - Group presentation (oral, no written report) (linked to learning outcome 7 and learning outcomes/skills a and b) Summative assessment. The group presentations will also get detailed group AND individual feedback, which will be part of the formative assessment of this module and will help students to improve their group work and presentation skills for other modules.
Written Exam (80%) - linked to learning outcomes 1 to 6 and learning outcomes/skills d.
|Examination - Spring Semester||75||
Development And Underdevelopment Exam
Assignment 1 (individual Report) Or Assignment 2 (groups Report)
Economics, Institutions and Development. Introduction to basic concepts and the differences between them. The nature of development economics. Concepts of economic growth, economic development and human development. Capabilities approach. Millennium Development Goals. Comparative Economic Development (Mapping the poor). Understanding who the poor are and where they live. Development Indicators (GNI and Human Development Index). Poverty, Inequality and Development. Poverty measurement. Poverty lines. Inequality. Different approaches to measuring poverty and inequality. Education. Health. Gender. Financial markets, microfinance and insurance. Foreign finance, investment and aid. Rural-urban migration. The roles of the market, state and civil society.
The main text book is:
Todaro, M. and Smith, S. 2009. Economic Development. 10th ed. Harlow: Addison-Wesley.
We will also frequently refer to:
United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Reports 1990-2011. New York.
A number of other book chapters and journal papers will also be used.